Iain De Jong

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Online Materials

Iain De Jong presents to the Homelessness Task Force of Greater Kansas City (2013):

Iain de Jong Keynote Address Goodwill Northern Michigan Gather for Good (2020):

COVID 19 Response for Unsheltered Homeless People (2020):

Further Reading

Review by Melinda Cheevers 

“The only known cure for homelessness is housing,” said the Ontario-based researcher and professor. “That’s it. Homelessness is binary; you’re either housed or not housed. There’s nothing in between.” De Jong, author of The Book on Homelessness, spoke on best practices for shifting from managing to ending homelessness at the Scotiabank Convention Centre in Niagara Falls, Ontario.

At times blunt in his approach, he said many of the things people think may help often end up making things worse not better.


“It is absolutely OK to hate homelessness, it is never OK to hate people who are homeless,” he said. “Homelessness is not the failure of the person, it’s the failure of our systems of care. If we think about that critically and put that into practice… we can achieve great things when it comes to homelessness and achieving great things means we can end homelessness.”

Across the Niagara region, in terms of key ingredients, he said there are many good things happening. What needs to be addressed is the organization, delivery and support of ideas that have strong evidentiary proof of success, backed by data. Initiatives like Housing First and Built for Zero, he said, offer a strong foundation.

“We have to ask ourselves with every single program and project delivered: does this get individuals closer to the experience of being housed? If it doesn’t, why are we doing it,” he said.

Gimmicks, like tiny houses and sanctioned encampments, aren’t the best path forward. Money can be better spent building more multi-unit residential housing.

De Jong said services need to be professionalized. While there is a place for volunteers, he noted people receiving services often have many issues that are far more advanced than volunteers are equipped.

 De Jong cited recent research done in Canada and the U.S. that looked at “tens of thousands” of subjects, painting a portrait of the homeless person. The research suggests:

• On average, It is 2,632 days since an unsheltered person had stable housing

• One year living on the street equals 1.5-2 years of aging

• The homeless suffer from a variety of mental health issues, including depression and personality disorders

• A homeless person goes to emergency rooms on average 7.7 times over a six-month period

• Ninety-four per cent of homeless people have regular contact with police, compared to 40 per cent for those in shelters

• The average homeless person will have contact with police about 21 times over six months, and 81 per cent spent one night in jail, compared to 10 per cent of those who are in shelters

• More than 99 per cent of women on the streets, literally all of them, have suffered “trauma,” largely sexual abuse.

The deadly combination of physical and mental health issues and substance abuse is called “tri-morbidity”; 50 per cent of homeless suffer from it, compared to two per cent of those living in in shelters, said De Jong.

“Let that sink in,” he said. “They are not sick; they are really, really sick.”

From “Homeless people face looming, tragic ‘catastrophe'” by Norman De Bono [o]

“We continue to confuse a big heart with a big brain. Somehow, if you care, you’re qualified,” he said. “We can find a role for volunteers, but them opening up shelters will not help in the pursuit of ending homelessness.” To be effective in the pursuit of ending homelessness, it needs to be treated as if it’s a mass catastrophe.

“Invest in change so we can actually achieve impact. This is one of those causes that is not equal to others,” he said. While there is a scarcity of housing, not just in Niagara but across Canada and in many communities around the world, De Jong points out that most people who are economically poor are housed.

“Most people figure out their housing means on a regular basis, the real question is: how?,” said De Jong, suggesting the region tap into local experts – the existing poor people who don’t live in social housing but figure out how to live on limited income without housing help services.

De Jong offered up five core principles: remove barriers and simply get people into housing, give them a choice when it comes to their housing, focus on recovery once they’re housed, develop individualized plans for people, and focus on social and community reintegration.

Homeless being helped, journal of wild culture, ©2020

De Jong points out that most people who are economically poor are housed. [o]

“We can’t just say ‘we’re doing housing first’, we have to practice housing first,” he said.

Thursday’s event was hosted by the Niagara region. In his opening remarks, Regional chair Jim Bradley said council has identified homelessness as a significant priority. It’s a problem affecting communities across North America, he said, which is why everyone’s looking for answers.

“Communities across Canada are trying to shift from managing homelessness to ending it,” he said. “We have a vision of a home for all.”

The region has a 10-year housing and homelessness action plan and will offer the public opportunities to get involved in its homelessness strategy starting in early 2020. ō

 On ‘The Book on Ending Homelessness by Iain De Jong’

Freisen Press, 240 pages, published November 2019

“This is a book anyone with even an inkling of desire to end homelessness ought to read. Iain deftly cuts through the myths and noise that surrounds homelessness and drives right to the stuff that works to solve it. Most importantly what Iain offers is not what should work or could work or might work. What Iain presents here is what has worked. He takes on some of the thorniest and most challenging aspects of homelessness directly, and steps the reader through a variety of solutions.” — Tim Richter, President & CEO, Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness

“Iain’s work has transformed our experience of homelessness as a hopeless social dilemma to a solvable challenge. He is the social revolutionary our nation has needed for decades.” — Michael J. Raposa, CEO, St. Vincent de Paul CARES

“Our organization has become better because of Iain’s ideas and training. He challenged us to be unrelenting in ending homelessness.” — Karen Santilli, President & CEO, Crossroads Rhode Island

“Time is running out for people on the street. We must use tools that work best. Take this book and go do that. Tick tock.” — Zach Brown, CEO, West Virginia Coalition to End Homelessnes

MELINDA CHEEVERS is managing editor for Niagara this Week, and also edits Niagara Life magazine. This article was published on Dec 20, 2019 in The Niagara Weekly.

2 thoughts on “Iain De Jong

  1. Reading this review, the part that stuck out the most was where De Jong was quoted: “It is absolutely OK to hate homelessness, it is never OK to hate people who are homeless,” […] “Homelessness is not the failure of the person, it’s the failure of our systems of care.” It always saddens me to see and hear people blaming the individuals experiencing homelessness for their situation, when the circumstances are often much more complex. More importantly, such judgements are being made about strangers whose life experiences and circumstances are unknown to the person forming such judgements. For these reasons, I whole heartedly agree with De Jong’s statement. Homelessness for many people is a result of poverty, mental illness and/or addiction, none of which are circumstances that I think most people would willingly choose to experience. Services offered to help people experiencing these things are also often difficult to access, which does not help. I think it is important to consider these things before passing judgement. Considering the situations which contribute to homelessness alone, many would agree that professional help is often required. Even though I knew this, I had not thought of the importance of such professionals in combatting homelessness.
    I also found the statistics included very eye opening, particularly the first one. 2632 days (over seven years) is a very long time to go without stable housing. This highlights the fact that homelessness and a lack of housing is indeed a crisis that must be addressed.
    Finally, I appreciate that De Jong notes the importance of considering individual cases. People have the tendency to recognize patterns and categorize everything, including people, and while, in many cases that is a very useful ability, if we create solutions solely from these patterns and categories, I think we risk over simplifying, and that can decrease the effectiveness in combatting this issue.

  2. “The Book on Ending the Homeless” written by Lian De Jong and reviewed by Melinda Cheevers gives readers insight into the social justice issue of homelessness. Homelessness now more than ever in North America, has become a major problem with a staggering rate of increase. Homelessness has become an economic problem and has not only affected people who are homeless but an entire community of people that all of us are in. In this article, Lian De Jong shares his thoughts as to how homelessness can be solved. He says “The only known cure for homelessness is housing” which is a statement I completely believe in. The money that the government gives the homeless can be spent on building residential buildings to get them off the streets. This is a long-term improvement that will aid people rather than keeping them in the same position.

    While also reading this article, I learned more about the things that homeless people suffer from. Some things include:

    Living on the streets for one year equates to 1.5-2 years of aging
    Homeless people suffer from many mental illnesses, disorders, and depression
    Almost 100% of homeless women have faced some time of sexual abuse.
    The combination of physical, mental, and substance abuse is called “tri-morbidity”.

    All of these are unfortunate statistics but I understand why Lian De Jong added these into his article. This topic needs more light shed upon it and it should become a mainstream topic that we should all be aware of so we can make a bigger impact and strive for change. People like Lian De Joung who inform us of all the wrongs in our world can help people like myself to try and make a change and speak out on what needs to be fixed.

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